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Unit 2
Personality
2.1 Behavior
Conscientious – a person who takes time to do things right
precise – careful with great attention to detail
anxious – worried, uneasy or nervous
rigid – unwilling to change one's outlook, belief or response
scatterbrained – inattentive and forgetful
slapdash – performing quickly and carelessly
altruistic – shows selfless concern for others
compassionate – feels or shows sympathy or concern for others
impartial – treats all people equally
bossy – always tells people what to do
flaky – unstable and unreliable
loner – preferring not to socialize with others
gregarious – fond of company, sociable
persuasive – able to convince others to do something
sincere – totally honest
Phrasal verbs:
to blow up – to have a sudden burst of anger
to get to somebody – to upset, bother someone
to act up – behave badly or strangely
to get along with – to have a good relationship with
to look up to – to respect
Idioms:
to add fuel to the flames – to do or to say something that makes a difficult situation even worse
to blot one's cope book – to do something to spoil someone else's reputation
to build bridges – a person who builds bridges helps two opposing groups to cooperate
to give the shirt off your back – this expression is used to describe a kind-hearted or generous person
to lash out – to attack
1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
Suddenly, Pete lashed _____ at Sam and accused her of cheating.
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Mike would ____________ to help a friend in difficulty.
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Can you be more ______, Mr. Jones? We need more details about that case.
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Your kid has been ______ all day. He used bad language and refused to stop.
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News reporters must be ______ and not show political bias.
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John is a very ______ person, he is fond of socializing with other people.
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You have to pay attention during the lesson, Jake! Don't be so _______.
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David has been ________ his grandfather since his childhood years. Grandpa has always been his main inspiration.
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My brother doesn't like loud companies, he prefers spending time on his own. He's rather a ______.
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His rude reply has only _____________.
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Look through the words again, please.
Restart
Not bad!
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Nice:)
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Good)))
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Cool:)
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2
Watch the video of Dr. Tali Sharot giving a lecture on the ways of changing your behavior.
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
1. According to Tali Sharot, why are we resistant to warnings?

2. People tend to change their beliefs towards a more desirable opinion. What is your point of view on that?

3. Is it essential to highlight the progress rather than the decline?

Have you completed the lesson?
2.2 Show your true colors
humble – marked by meekness and modesty, not arrogant
courageous – able to face and deal with dangers
stubborn – determined to do what they want refusing to do anything else
gullible – naive and easily deceived
generous – willing to share
carefree – without trouble or worry
conceited – excessively proud of oneself
mysterious – beyond ordinary understanding
witty – using words in a clever and funny way
mannerly – socially correct in behavior
trustworthy – worthy of trust or belief
timid – showing fear and lack of courage
adventurous – willing to undertake new enterprises
eager – having or showing keen interest in something
Phrasal verbs:
to warm up to somebody – to start to like somebody
to fuss over – to be overly attentive to something
to come between – to spoil the relationship
to butter somebody up – to be very nice to somebody so they will do what you want
to toughen up – to become stronger and more able to deal with problems
Idioms:
to show one’s true colours — to show one’s real character or personality, especially when it is unpleasant
social butterfly — a person who enjoys being with people
average joe — a term used to talk about an ordinary person, in most cases a male
plain jane — is a somewhat offensive term used to describe an ordinary-looking woman
down to earth — is a honest, practical and sensible person who is also easy to get along with
diamond in the rough — as a person who has many excellent qualities despite having clumsy exterior
1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
Everything was great for the first few months but when we moved in together she started ____________. She is so arrogant and lazy!
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I think he is one of the _______ comics on television. His jokes are always funny, but there is some truth in them.
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My boyfriend Mark is just a(n) _________. He loves watching baseball on TV, his favorite meal is meat with potatoes, and he would never dream of going to the ballet or an art museum.
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Besides learning school subjects, she always looks for some additional information on the web. What a(n) ______ girl!
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At first she seemed like a very stubborn person, but then I suddenly started ________ her.
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He's a(n) _____ man and he's not very comfortable talking about his own achievements.
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On paper, Eric was the best candidate for the job, but there was something about Murray I really liked. To me, he's a __________ with great potential.
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Despite having an average income, he still manages to give a lot of money to charity. He's a very ______ person.
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She is always __________ her son as if he was a little boy.
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They have huge arguments because they are both so ________.
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Look through the words again, please.
Restart
Not bad!
Restart
Nice:)
Restart
Good)))
Restart
Cool:)
Restart
2
Watch the video of Brian Little’s lecture on the puzzle of personality
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
1. What does the acronym OCEAN stand for, according to Brian Little?

2. What are the main traits of extroverted and introverted people? Do you see yourself as an extrovert or an introvert?

3. "You're like some other people and like no other person". How do you understand this quote? What is your point of view on it?
Have you completed the lesson?
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